3D rendering satellite in space

This course focuses on the application of TCP/IP protocol in satellite communications. Participants will learn how TCP/IP has accelerated the digital scenario and the basics of IP in satellite communications, including the techniques to ensure the functioning of a two-way satellite service.

The course will cover the performance of IP over satellite networks, including the challenges faced in the delivery of reliable and fast data. It will also address the technical difficulties faced in satellite communications (e.g., latency, jitter, error rates) and the solutions available to overcome these issues. Additionally, the impact of transport protocols on satellite links and the performance of TCP and UDP over satellite networks will be covered.

This comprehensive course is designed for network engineers, system administrators, and anyone involved in managing or operating satellite networks.

  • Technical Marketing or Product Managers
  • Pre-Sales Engineers
  • Product Planners
  • Network Consultants
  • Technical Sales, Satellite Engineers
  • Data Analysts
  • Network Operations Engineers
  • Application Consultants
  • Professionals who wish to learn about the essentials of TCP/IP over Satellite communications
Instructor-led Training
  • Classroom: 3 days
  • LIVE Virtual*: 21 hours


  • A minimum of 6 or more participants are required for a company-based LIVE Virtual course to commence
  • LIVE Virtual courses can be conducted for 5 hours or 7 hours daily. Please note that the number of training days will be extended if you opt for 5 hours daily.

27 – 30 Mar 2023 (Mon – Thu), GMT +08:00 (4 days LIVE Virtual Training)
21 – 23 Jun 2023 (Wed- Fri), GMT +08:00
If you are keen on attending any of the above scheduled courses, please register your interest via our course enquiry form.

At the end of this course, participants will be able to:

  • Understand the behaviour of TCP/IP in satellite networks
  • Analyse the protocols used in satellite IP performance
  • Discover the issues in satellite communications
  • Explore solutions to the technical complications
  • Review TCP and UDP performance in satellite networks
  • Explore ways to improve TCP/IP over satellite channels
  1. TCP/IP Fundamentals
  • Seven Layer Networking Model
  • Encapsulation and Headers
  • Addressing Mechanisms
  • Layer 2 and Layer 3 Functionalities
  • Switching and Routing Functions
  1. Satellite Communications
  • Satellite Orbits and Launching Procedures
  • Spacecraft Power, Communications, Antenna Systems
  • Link Budgets and Power Calculations
  • Multiple Access Techniques: FDMA, CDMA, TDMA
  1. Satellite IP Performance
  • Develop Performance Objectives for Digital Links
  • Network Layer Protocols: RSVP, OSPF
  • Internet-Specific Protocols: DHCP, BGP
  • Transport Layer Protocols: TCP, UDP
  • IP Privacy and Security Protocols: IPSec
  1. Technical Difficulties in Satellite Communications
  • Routing Problems
  • TCP/IP-Related Issues
  • 3-Way Handshake Problem
  • Slow-Start
  • Congestion
  • Asymmetry and TCP Transfer Speed
  1. Solutions to Technical Difficulties
  • Routing Related Solutions: Tunnelling, NAT, Exterior Routing Protocols
  • Congestion Avoidance Solutions
  • Tuning TCP Parameters for Satellite Links
  • MTU and Maximum Segment Size
  • Compression and Caching
  • TCP Spoofing and Protocol Converters
  1. Satellite Link – Transport Protocol Impact
  • Latency
  • Link Impairments
  • Bandwidth Asymmetry
  • Multiple Segment Loss
  • Satellite TCP Enhancements
  1. TCP and UDP Performance
  • GEO Satellite IP Network
  • Satellite Features Affecting Performance of IP Application
  • Random Early Detection
  • Fair Allocation of Excess Network Bandwidth
  1. Improving TCP/IP over Satellite Channels
  • Vanilla TCP
  • TCP Reno
  • TCP New Reno
  • Window Size
  • Path MTU
  • RTT (Round Trip Time)
  • Larger Initial Congestion Window
  • Network Policies
  1. Migration Process
  • Converging Networks
  • Ethernet over TDM
  • Interworking
  • Ethernet-Based Advanced Application
    • Triple Play
    • IPTV
    • 3G

Note: A Certificate of Completion will only be issued upon achieving at least 75% attendance for the course.

Basic knowledge of TCP/IP and satellite communications will be beneficial.

Enrolled: 0 students
Duration: Classroom: 3 days / LIVE Virtual: 21 hours
Level: Classroom

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