Satellite Radio Link Planning and Budgeting

Establishing radio link between computers and satellite

This course is designed for individuals with a working knowledge of satellite communications who desire to acquire greater knowledge in the areas of network planning and link analysis.

Participants will learn about the various principles, applications, and industry standards involved in designing and planning satellite networks. They will also learn how to find and access the data required to design a satellite network. The course will also cover what a link budget is, and includes practical exercises on link budget calculation.

  • Broadcasters
  • Broadcasting Companies that utilize Satellite Links
  • Satellite TV Companies
  • GSM and Mobile Network Operators
  • Telecommunication Companies (PTTs, Carriers)
  • Satellite Owner Companies
  • Satellite Up-link Operators
  • Internet Service Providers
  • IT & System Integration Companies
  • Government Organizations that rely on Satellite
  • Multinational Companies that rely on Satellite
  • Specialized Industries (Financial, Oil & Gas, Security, Law Enforcement)
  • Aid and Assistance Organizations
Instructor-led Training
  • Classroom: 3 days
  • LIVE Virtual*: 21 hours
  • A minimum of 6 or more participants are required to commence a company-based LIVE Virtual course
  • LIVE Virtual courses can be conducted for 5 hours or 7 hours daily. Please note that the number of training days will be extended if you opt for 5 hours daily.

28 – 30 Oct 2024 (Mon – Wed), GMT +08:00
If you are keen on attending the above scheduled course, please register your interest via our course enquiry form.

At the end of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Gain the knowledge and skills required to plan, design, and optimize satellite networks 
  • Explain the basics of SATCOM
  • Understand the different access techniques
  • Understand and define topics in satellite transmission including modulation schemes, forward error correction, power equivalent bandwidth, power spectral density, saturation flux density, input and output power back off, transponder pad settings, system noise, EIRP, G/T, C/N, Eb/No, rain fade
  • Understand network topologies including Direct-to-Home (DTH), point-to-point, star, mesh, and hybrid networks
  • Understand satellite bandwidth planning and transponder bandwidth/power allocations
  • Understand link budget analysis
  • Understand comparative analysis between C and Ku bands
  • Understand problems and exercises in satellite planning
  1.  Recap of SATCOM Fundamentals
  • Characteristics of LEO, MEO, GEO Satellites and their Pros and Cons
  • Satellite Frequency Bands and their Pros and Cons
  • Multiplex Schemes: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, SCPC, MCPC, etc.
  • Linear and Circular Polarization
  • Satellite Beams: Global, Regional, Spot Beams, Steerable Beams
  • EIRP and G/T
  • Link Planning: Transmit Power, Antenna Gains, Free Space Loss, Receive Power, etc.
  • Transponder: Carriers, Channel Assignments, Bent Pipe, Regenerative Type
  1.  System Design and Engineering
  • Link Path Calculations
  • Link Budget Parameters
  • Isotropic vs Directional Antenna
  • Design Calculations for Antenna Gain and Beamwidth
  • Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) and Power Flux Density (PFD)
  • Solar Outrage Calculations
  • Atmospheric Attenuation
  1. Satellite Radio Link Planning Workshop
  • Software Tool
  • Design Parameters
  • Link Budget Design
  • Case Study: Detail Design via Software
  • Antenna Gain and Beamwidth
  • Factors Affecting Antenna Gain
  • Calculating Antenna Gain and Beamwidth via Software
  • Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP)
  • Path Loss Calculations
  • Look Angles: Elevation and Azimuth Angle
  • Transponder: Antenna, LNA, BPF, Down-Converter, HPA
  • Adjacent Channel Interference
  • Input and Output Back Off
  • Uplink Power Control (UPC)
  • LNB Noise Figure
  • Designing via Software: Uplink/Downlink, ASI, Rain Model, Satellite, and Carrier-related Parameters
  • Figure of Merit (G/T) and Energy per BIT (Eb/No)
  • Transponder Types 
  • ITU Rain Regions
  • FEC Code Rate, Carrier Spacing, Roll-off Factor, Implementation Loss
  • Generating Final Report/Design
  • More Design Exercises
  • Orbital Math: Gravitation vs Centripetal Force
  • Calculating Geosynchronous Radius
  • Calculating Geosynchronous Velocity
  • More Exercises
  1. Additional Link Planning Exercises
  • More Case Studies
  • Computation of Look Angles
  • Bent Pipe vs Advanced Transponder
  • Analysis of Design Output Results
  • Optimization of Design 
  • Examples and Exercises
5. Transponder Bandwidth Calculations
  • Transponder Bandwidth Equilvalent
  • Bandwidth-Limited vs Power-Limited
  • Factors that affect Bandwidth and Power
  • Relationship of Modulation, FEC, and BER
  • Symbol Rate and Roll Off Factor
6. VoIP and IPLC over Satellite
  • Characteristics of VoIP
  • Challenges of VoIP over Satellite
  • QoS and Traffic Prioritization
  • Compression Techniques 
  • Bandwidth Requirement
  • Bit Rate Calculations
  • Transponder Management
  • VoIP Protocols 
  • International Private Leased Circuit (IPLC)
  • International Ethernet Private Line (IEPL)
  • Features of IPLC and IEPL
  • VPN Via Satellite
  • Satellite E-line and EVPL

Note: A Certificate of Completion will only be issued upon achieving at least 75% attendance for the course.

Participants must have completed the ‘An Overview of Satellite Communications’ course before taking this course. This course assumes and builds on participants’ foundational understanding of SATCOM.

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