Telefocal Certified Submarine Cable System Expert (TC-SCSE)

This course provides basic to in-depth understanding of the submarine cable networks. Starting from the basic optical communication to deployment of submarine cable covering the engineering aspects of network design for dry plant, wet plant, Cable Landing station, strategic planning (financial and physical) to enter in Submarine cable business through consortium/PPP or private cable owner.

Step-by-step cable project activities like proposal, financial viability, route planning, agreements for construction of cable, permits and Licenses cable laying, agreement for wet plant maintenance in different marine zones will be covered. Thorough understanding will be shared to utilize the submarine cable bandwidth (share of MAU/MIU) in different commercial products like IP transit, Peering, IPLC, DWA etc. as a telco business entity. Underlying technologies over optical network like SDH, OTN, DWDM and carrier ethernet will be discussed to forge the ideas of product development.

This course is designed for engineers, top level managers (who are make decisions for SMC business), mid-level managers (who are to execute the project and attend the stakeholders meeting during different phases of project), managers and team members who to own and maintain the network after project completion.

Instructor-Led Training
[Classroom: 5 days / LIVE Virtual*: 35 hours]
  • A minimum of 6 or more participants are required for a company-based LIVE Virtual course to commence
  • LIVE Virtual courses can be conducted for 5 hours or 7 hours daily. Please note that the number of training days will be extended if you opt for 5 hours daily.

13 – 17 Feb 2023 (Mon – Fri), GMT +08:00
17 – 21 Apr 2023 (Mon – Fri), GMT +08:00
If you are keen on attending the above scheduled course, please register your interest via our course enquiry form.

At the end of this course, participants will be able to understand:

  • Bandwidth consumption trend and need for more capacity in future
  • Optical communications, its limitations, and advantages
  • Why to choose submarine cable compared to other options
  • Different financing models of SMC and which one to opt
  • MIU/MAU and IRU purchasing, selling and consumption over SMC
  • The components of SMC network like dry plant and wet plant
  • Functionality of SLTE, PFE, C-OTDR, Branching Unit, Repeaters, Gain equalizer
  • Decide what type of submarine cables at different depths and environments
  • Understand how the SMC is laid, fault traced, repaired and what tools are used
  • How the wet plant is powered and why on single conductor
  • Significance of Beach Manhole and its earthing/grounding
  • Activities in route survey
  • Consortium structure and your participation
  • Committees and meetings in case of consortium cable and best practices
  • Owning and maintaining submarine system
  • Optical systems on SMC and possible commercial products
  • Product development on IP Transit, Peering, IPLC, IEPLC, (Full circuit and Half circuit), Interlinking, Direct wavelength access on SDH, OTN, DWDM and carrier Ethernet
  1. Introduction
  • Submarine Cables: Importance, Amazing Facts, History, Capacity, Ownership Models, Global Footprint
  • International Bandwidth/Internet Trends
  • Comparison of Medium for International Communications: Microwave, Satellite, Optical Fiber
  • World Market Analysis and Outlook for Submarine Cables
  • Ultimate Capacity and Lit Capacity and Upgradation
  1. Commercial and Financial Structure of SMC
  • Funding Requirements (CAPEX and OPEX)
  • Stakeholders’ Management (Financers, Strategic and Landing Partners)
  • Ownership Models with Pros and Cons (Private Cables, Consortium Cable and PPP)
  • MAU/MIU Calculation, Costing and Utilization for Consortium Cables
  • IRU-Indefeasible Right to Use and Contractual Status
  1. Basics of Optical Communications
  • Optical Fiber: Structure, Types, Standards, Limiting Factors of Attenuation, Dispersion, NL Impairments
  • Sources and Detectors: Lasers, LED, PiN and APD
  • Design Practice for Fiber Optical Communication Link within Standards
  • Optical Cable Technology, Cable Types and Fiber Splicing
  1. Submarine Cable (SMC) Network
  • Unique Differences of Submarine Network from Terrestrial Networks
  • Components of SMC Networks (Dry Plant and Wet Plant)
  • Dry Plant (SLTE, PFE, C-OTDR, Supervisory Equipment and Cable Termination)
  • Wet Plant (SM Cable, Repeater, Branching Unit, Gain Equalizer)
  • Joints (UJ, UC, UQJ)
  • Transoceanic and Coastal Networks
  • Repeatered and Repeaterless System
  • Network Architecture (P2P, Festoon, Ring, Trunk and Branch, OADM, Hybrid)
  • Cable Landing Station (Site Selection, Space and Construction Standards)
  • Beach Manhole
  • Connecting Terrestrial Network to SMC Network (PoP2PoP Connectivity, Traditional Model, Flexible Models, Open SLTE, Open CLS, Open Cable)
  • Power Feeding Plan to Power Wet Plant
  • Fault Detection, OTDR/COTDR, Electroding for Cable Search and Cable Repair Process
  • Selection of Fiber for SMC (LEAF, VASCADE, etc.)
  • Selection of Appropriate SM Cable (No. of Fibers, Water Depth and Pressure, Location, Weather and Environment)
  • Power Budget and Repeater Placement Distance (80 Km to 40 Km)
  • Dispersion Compensation and OSNR
  1. Marine Activity
  • Sw Laws Governing to Territorial Sea, EEZ and High Sea for SMC
  • Marine Maintenance Zones
  • Laying of SMC (Laying Ship, Sea Plow, ROV, Grapnels) 

A to Z of Submarine Cable Project

  1. Phase 1 – Planning
  • Investment Business Model
  • Market Demand
  • Risk Analysis
  • Ownership Model
  • Partnerships
  • Network Configuration
  • Financial Plans
  • Project Timelines
  1. Phase 2 – Developing
  • Construction and Maintenance Agreements
  • Landing Party Agreements
  • Competitive Procurement
  • RFQ Development
  • Bid Receipt
  • Adjudication
  • Selection and Award
  • Desk Top Study
  • Permitting
  • Final Route Selection
  • Cable and Equipment Selection
  • Procurement
  • Responsibility Matrix
  1. Phase 3 – Construction
  • Installation
  • Payments
  • Stakeholders Consultation
  • Wet Maintenance Agreements
  • Combating Delays and Risks
  • Cable Laying and Termination

SMC Systems and Products

  • SDH
  • OTN
  • Carrier Ethernet
  • IPLC (full circuit, Half Circuit)
  • DWA (Direct Wavelength Access)
  • IP Transit
  • Peering
  • IRU product and viability
  • SLA and QoS (Loss and Delays Measurement

 Certification: At the end of the course, participants will sit through a written examination. A professional certificate will only be issued upon:

  • Scoring 75% or higher in the written exam AND
  • Achieving at least 75% attendance for the course.

The participant should have the background of Telco business and knowledge on optical networks will be preferred.

Enrolled: 0 students
Duration: Classroom: 5 days / LIVE Virtual: 35 hours
Level: Virtual Training

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