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5G Network Architecture, Planning and Design

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Course Overview

This course covers the next major phase of wireless and mobile communication technologies and standards beyond the current 4G/IMT-Advanced Standards.

It covers 5G technologies in full depth and breadth and includes topics like radio channels, RF, antennas, propagation, architecture, components, cellular/backhaul and applications that will revolutionize the form and operation of mobile network operators.

Participants will find out how 5G wireless networks perform as compared to 4G, in terms of speed, agility and intelligence. New trends and services, as well as 5G use cases like D2D, IoT, Smart Cities, Autonomous Driving, low-latency remote control, will also be included.

Duration and Training Format

5 days (~7 hours daily), Live Virtual Instructor-led Training

CITREP+ Funding

CITREP+ funding is available for this course.

Eligible trainees can receive the CITREP+ course fee support of up to 70% or up to 90% for this '5G Network Architecture, Planning and Design' course.

Technical Skills & Competencies (TSC) Proficiency Level: Infrastructure Design - Level 4

You may refer to our course listing at

For full information on CITREP+ eligibility and funding, please visit


Course Objectives:

This course aims to provide students with necessary skills for planning and performing 5G network design process.

Upon completion of this course, the participants would be able to:

  • Describe what 5G is
  • Describe the 5G technology drivers
  • List the 5G features and their benefits
  • Describe the 5G network architecture and its key technologies
  • Illustrate the 5G architecture and components
  • Explain the RF, PHY, MAC and Core network operation of 5G
  • Describe typical 5G Use Cases and deployment scenarios
  • Describe the conditions necessary to support 5G deployments
  • Describe how to deploy 5G Small cells for their coexistence with pre-5G macro cells
  • Describe advanced wireless technology concepts like Massive MIMO, Virtualized RAN and more
  • Calculate the link budget in 5G
  • List the most important phases in 5G design

To drive home key important concepts, quizzes will be administered to the participants daily via Learning Management System (LMS).

Who Should Attend?

This course is designed for telecommunications engineers working in the network RF design environment, and those wishing to extend their skills, knowledge, qualifications and certifications in relation to the 5G planning and design.

Course Outlines:

5G Introduction

  • The way to 5G
  • New services proposed
  • ITU 5G Use Cases
  • 5G assumptions & technical expectations
  • Critical MTC: Communications Distance vs. Latency
  • Summary of 5G technology capabilities
  • The evolution of 5G
  • What are small cells in 5G technology?
  • IMT 2020
  • 5G performance requirements
  • Capacity Increase
  • Five Key Technology Components of 5G

New Spectrum Opportunities

  • 5G Spectrum from 300 MHz to 90 GHz
  • Cm & mmWaves
  • Viable frequencies
  • Different spectrum for different use cases
  • Sub 6 GHz new radio band
  • 5G mmWave antenna module
  • Definition of frequency ranges
  • 5G NR Operating bands
  • Supplementary Uplink and Downlink

3GPP Standards

Massive MIMO and Advanced Transceivers

  • Interference & Beamforming
  • Angle of Arrival
  • Massive MIMO
  • 3GPP MIMO Modes Summary
  • Deploying many antennas Below 6 GHz
  • Digital / Analog / Hybrid Beamfoarming
  • Channel State Information
  • Beams in vertical and horizontal plane
  • Beam sweeping
  • Beams per UE & for Common control channels

Cell Layout

  • Cross-polarized beams for Tx Diversity / MIMO
  • X-pol, 2 BF groups
  • Carrier Aggregation
  • Subcell BF group
  • Subcell
  • DL and UL transmission
  • Beam allocation per TTI
  • Scheduler
  • Carrier and PRB selection

Flexible Frame structure

  • Physical Resource Block (PRB)
  • Frequency domain
  • Time domain
  • PHY layer – frame structure (time domain)
  • DL:UL frame arrangements
  • Subframe types

Multi connectivity and aggregation

  • LTE + NR Dual Connectivity
  • DC frequency bands 3GPP TS37.863

Distributed Flexible architecture

  • gNB architecture
  • DU & CU Options
  • Benefits of RAN Spilt Architecture
  • 5G Reference Network Architecture
  • Core Network architecture
  • 5GCN elements
  • Multi-access Edge Computing (MEC)
  • Concurrent access to local and central DN
  • MEC reference architecture

NR features – Rel 15 & 16

  • Key milestones for 5G research and developments
  • Time line for 5G standards and roll-out
  • 5G chipset and devices timeline
  • 3GPP Standards
  • Beyond 3GPP Release-15
  • Beamforming in Release 15
  • 5G NR Antennas and antenna ports
  • Comparison of NR-MIMO vs LTE MIMO

5G Network Slicing

  • Requirements grouped by category
  • 5G Radio/core network deployment scenarios
  • Standalone
  • Non Standalone
  • Comparison of EPC and 5GCN
  • Stateless VNF machines
  • Distributed cloud deployment
  • Open ecosystem
  • Network slicing
  • Transport Network Slicing – System View
  • 3GPP Network Slicing – E2E Service View
  • Data-Driven Orchestration

Call Flow Examples

  • Initial attach procedure and re-attach procedure
  • Connection Establishment Flow
  • Uplink PDU Transfer Flow
  • Set-up of a PDU session
  • Intra-system Intra-RAT mobility
  • Intra-new RAN Handover using in-band Path Switch over NG-U

5G Network Design & Planning General Parameters

  • Goal of radio network design
  • Overview of radio network design process
  • 5G Spectrum
  • Input - environment parameters
  • Radio network planning phases
  • 5G Link Budget
  • MAPL calculation
  • 5G Link Budget – Inputs and Steps
  • SINR look-up tables
  • Resource allocation
  • MCS Mapping Table – 64QAM
  • Work flow
  • Exercise

5G Macro and Indoor Cell Range Calculation

  • Propagation model
  • Okumura-Hata and Cost-Hata propagation models
  • Cell range
  • 3GPP propagation models
  • Comparison of propagation models
  • 5G Link Budget 28 GHz - assumptions
  • Downlink throughput at uplink cell edge estimation

Standard Propagation Model

  • How to calculate the Pathloss Lpath?
  • Standard Propagation Model
  • Propagation model parameters
  • Diffraction loss
  • Clutter loss
  • Cost 231-Hata formula

RF design

  • Steps
  • Coverage prediction
  • Cyclic Prefix Selection
  • Physical cell ID - PCI
  • Suggested planning rules order
  • Digital Beamforming - Beam Set Selection
  • Average cell capacity calculation
  • Spectral Efficiency values

Indoor service coverage

  • Indoor Propagation
  • Material properties
  • Scaling the indoor plan
  • Antenna definition
  • gNodeb Parameters
  • Antenna position
  • Coverage prediction
  • Shared carrier deployment
  • Adjacent Small Cell deployment
  • HetNet – Planning
  • Methodology of Data Analysis
  • small Cell Range Extension (CRE)

Active Antenna System

  • What is Active Antenna System (AAS)?
  • RRH vs AAU
  • 3D Aspect of AAS
  • AAS degrees of freedom
  • Active Antenna at the site design level
  • Site Solution Design & Construction
  • mMIMO Antenna

5G Deployment considerations

  • 3GPP 4G to 5G options strategy
  • 5G Deployment options summarised
  • Spectrum Availability
  • Devices Availability
  • Fixed Wireless Access
  • 5G early deployment use cases
  • 5G for Urban evolution
  • 5G NR in low-band
  • Radio Network Design Targets
  • Example - APAC Asian city.
  • NR-NSA & SA Network Deployment
  • Transport Network Deployment Considerations
  • 5G mass deployment
  • Security in the Transport layer
  • SDN – Software Defined Networks

5G Security

  • 5G Security Drivers
  • Non-Standardized Network Security Measures
  • Elements of a 5G Security Architecture
  • SDN Security
  • NFV Security
  • Major 5G Security issues
  • Network Slicing and Network Slice Isolation
  • Status in 5G Security Standardization
  • Authentication Protocols
  • Key hierarchy
  • Multiple Registrations
  • Inter Operator Network Security

Key Benefits

At the end of this course, participants will be proficient in the knowledge of network migration to 5G. They will be able to plan and design a best-in-class Software-Defined 5G wireless network that not only offers leading-edge applications, but also fulfill both current and future market requirements.

Explore other 5G courses and view our Course Calendar for the upcoming scheduled courses.


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