In spite of being around for quite some time, the term ‘Artificial Intelligence’ has recently emerged as a hot-topic of conversation amongst researchers and technologists in the field of Computer Science.
But what is it?
Simply put, Artificial Intelligence is that branch of Computer Science concerned with making machines (specifically computers) behave like human beings, giving them the capacity to perform tasks that normally require human (natural) intelligence.
Already there are a series of activities that computers with Artificial Intelligence have been designed to perform:
- Speech Recognition
- Visual Perception
- Translation between Languages
- Learning and Reasoning
- Problem Solving
The term was first coined in 1956 by John McCarthy at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and has become an essential part of the technology industry.
Research associated with Artificial Intelligence is highly technical and specialised and there are four core elements associated with AI: Knowledge Engineering, Machine Learning, Machine Perception and Robotics.
Knowledge Engineering is concerned with building, maintaining and the use of expert knowledge-based systems.
Such systems are computer programs that contain large amounts of knowledge, rules and reasoning mechanisms to provide solutions to real-world problems.
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