On completion of this course the participants, will be able to:
- Learn on achieving and Maintaining Interconnection and Interconnection Services
- Gain knowledge on Interconnection Agreements, Local Loop Unbundling and Offers
- Have brief Idea on IP and Next Generation Networks
- Learn on Interconnection Billing System
- Learn on the Forecasting and Quality of Services
The Training provides a comprehensive analysis of the wholesale and Interconnection market. It covers in depth the main segments of the wholesale market, and the principal business drivers within these market segments. The Telecommunications Regulatory classes provide a comprehensive understanding of key issues in the world of communications. The courses are delivered in a modern, comfortable environment, thus creating an atmosphere conducive to concentrated professional development. The Interconnection and Wholesale class is the ideal training resource for professionals involved in or wishing to learn more about the interconnection of telecommunications networks particularly those working for operators, regulators and other telecommunications organizations. The course provides delegates with an in-depth knowledge of the principles of interconnection before examining key areas such as interconnection services, reference interconnection offers, cost modeling and local loop unbundling.
This course gives a detail introduction to Interconnection and its multiple Services. At the same time it reflects how it has effect on the wholesale business nature.
Pre-requisite for Participants
No requirements other than the desire to learn.
Who Should Attend?
Senior staff with specific responsibility for the regulation of the communications sector
Senior staff working within regulatory authorities or government departments with responsibility for interconnection
Business or regulatory affairs managers within incumbent or new-entrant communications network operators or service providers
Section 1: Introduction to Interconnection
This Section provides a very basic introduction to Interconnection. The brief background and history of Interconnect. Role, duties and responsibilities of Regulators. The topics covered are as follows:
- What is interconnection?
- Why is interconnection key to competition?
- Need for regulations and regulator
- The role of Regulation
- Duties and responsibilities of the regulators
- Establishing the regulatory regime
- Challenges for the regulator
- Choices for the regulators the interconnection market
- Interconnection strategies
Section 2: Overview of Telecom Networks
This Section gives an introduction to the technical elements of fixed and mobile networks and looks at the methods and hardware used to deploy network infrastructure and the technologies used to deliver customer services.
- Fixed networks
- Fixed technologies latest trends
- The emergence and development of mobile networks
- Network topologies – fixed and mobile
- Network construction – fixed and mobile
- Migration to NGN
Section 3: Achieving and Maintaining Interconnection
As interconnection links two networks, there are key technical matters to be reviewed including:
- Where should points of interconnection be?
- How is interconnection physically achieved?
- What is involved in technical interfaces?
- Interconnection testing overview
- Managing the relationships between operators
Section 4: Reference Interconnection Offer (RIO) and Interconnection Agreement
The RIO is the document published by the SMP operators. It sets out the interconnection services to be offered and terms and conditions under which they will be offered:
- What is contained within the RIO?
- How is the document structured?
- What should an interconnection agreement contain?
Section 5: Interconnection Services
Wholesale services are becoming characterized as Access, Interconnect, and Associated Services. In this Section we will look at what needs to be presented within a RIO in these different categories:
- Interconnection links, leased lines, dark fiber, Unbundled local loops, bitstream,
- Call termination and origination services, Value added services
- Buildings, ducts and masts, databases, OSS
Section 6: The Carrier Services Department
The relationship with other interconnected operators must be managed correctly by an SMP operator. This would normally be done through a Carrier Services group.
- The wholesale services business
- Responsibilities of the Carrier Services group
- Why should it be separate from retailing activities?
- What could its reporting structure be?
- What processes need to be put in place to support interconnection?
- Why is forecasting important and what is involved?
Section 7: Setting Interconnection Charges
Setting the costs for interconnection services is a key to developing a competitive environment in telecommunications
What methodologies are appropriate to interconnection services and how should each be most appropriately used?
- Revenue Sharing
- retail Minutes
Section 8: Costing Methodologies
How is cost modeling carried out in fixed networks and how are cost models developed? This Section will deal with how costs are allocated within a model:
- Type of costs (Fixed and variable, direct and indirect, attributable and non attributable costs)
- Access Network Core Network Switching Transmission Routing tables Service costings
- What is accounting separation?
- FAC (FDC)– historic and current
- Modeling principles Top Down model Bottom Up model
Section 9: Interconnect Billing System
- This Section looks at the principles behind modeling and how models are constructed including:
- Features of interconnect billing system
- Support of different price plans
- Settlement features
- Disputes handling
Section 10: IP and NGN
Network operators are introducing NGN, IP based networks in place of the historic legacy networks that current interconnection and regulation has been based on.
- What doe these networks involve?
- What are the implications for interconnection on the incumbent operators and OLOs? What regulatory issues do NGNs pose?
- What options are available to regulators? How are such technologies being regulated?
Section 11: Pricing and Costing in IP and NGNs
More services are now being delivered using packet switches technologies. What approaches are suitable for determining costs and charges for these services? What methods can be used to set customer tariffs?
- Capacity based Event based Flat rate Content based
Section 12: Interconnection Services in Mobile Networks
Regulators are now starting to declare mobile operators as having SMP for the first time.
- What are the implications for the operators of this?
- How can the principles developed for SMP fixed line operators be applied in the mobile sector?
- Is it appropriate to mandate MVNO?
- What are the issues from the Regulator and oper
ator perspective from implementing National Roaming and MVNO arrangements
- Is it appropriate for a mobile operator to publish a RIO and how would it differ form a fixed operators?
Section 13: Cost Modelling in Mobile Networks
Identifying the costs of mobile services, especially interconnection services, is now becoming important.
- Can the same principles used for fixed networks be applied to mobile? How can accounting separation principles be applied? How are coverage vs capacity issues dealt with?
Section 14: Group Exercise: Explore network interconnection issues
Small country with 1 fixed operator and 2 mobile operators, interconnection arrangements in place between them. Objectives:
- To identify the key commercial and regulatory issues for each organisations To propose methods by which the issues can be addressed To develop short, medium, and long term strategies for their respective organisations
Section 15: Local Loop Unbundling (LLU) and the Reference Unbundling Offer (RUO)
Local Loop Unbundling is becoming a normal regulation in de-regulated markets as a way of encouraging further competition in the sector. What is LLU? Operational issues:
- Provision and Repair
- Interference and interaction
- Determining the costs for LLU services
- What is contained within RUO?
- How is the information presented?
Section 16: Quality of Service
QoS is an increasingly important issue for both Operators and Regulators. RIOs can normally be expected to contain undertakings with regard to QoS.
- What should be included?
- How should performance levels be set?
- How should wholesale and retail QoS measures be related?