Terrestrial Monitoring and Measurements

Satellite orbiting the earth

This course emphasizes terrestrial monitoring and measurement techniques, equipping participants with the knowledge and skills to monitor satellite links, assess signal quality, and analyze performance metrics.

Through hands-on exercises, participants will learn how to utilize terrestrial monitoring equipment to capture essential data, conduct tests, and interpret results. Additionally, the course will explore terrestrial spectrum management to help participants understand the regulatory framework set by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and its impact on satellite communications. By the end of the course, participants will possess the expertise required to navigate spectrum monitoring challenges and optimize the efficiency and reliability of terrestrial satellite communication systems.

  • 3G/4G/5G Mobile Network Operators
  • Mobile and Satellite Regulators
  • Ministries and Government bodies dealing with frequency allocation and coordination
  • Telecommunications companies (PTTs, Carriers)
  • Satellite Operators
Instructor-led Training
  • Classroom: 5 days
  • LIVE Virtual*: 35 hours
  • A minimum of 6 or more participants are required to commence a company-based LIVE Virtual course
  • LIVE Virtual courses can be conducted for 5 hours or 7 hours daily. Please note that the number of training days will be extended if you opt for 5 hours daily.

27 Nov – 1 Dec 2023 (Mon – Fri), GMT +08:00
If you are keen on attending any of the above scheduled courses, please register your interest via our course enquiry form.

At the end of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the fundamentals principles of satellite communications, including the functioning of Earth Stations and VSATs in various scenarios
  • Understand satellite regulations and their practical applications through case studies
  • Gain an overview of microwave transmission and its significance in satellite communications
  • Trace the evolution of mobile generations and their impact on modern satellite systems
  • Learn about monitoring equipment and automation of monitoring operations to streamline monitoring processes efficiently
  • Develop proficiency in various measurement techniques used in satellite communications for signal quality assessment and performance evaluation
  • Explore the range of terrestrial services in satellite communications and their integration into existing networks
  • Familiarize with the functions and roles of ITU – Terrestrial Services Department in regulating and managing satellite communication services
  1.  Recap of SATCOM Fundamentals
  • Characteristics of LEO, MEO, GEO Satellites and their Pros and Cons
  • Satellite Frequency Bands and their Pros and Cons
  • Multiplex Schemes: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, SCPC, MCPC, etc.
  • Linear and Circular Polarization
  • Satellite Beams: Global, Regional, Spot Beams, Steerable Beams
  • EIRP and G/T
  • Link Planning: Transmit Power, Antenna Gains, Free Space Loss, Receive Power, etc.
  • Transponder: Carriers, Channel Assignments, Bent Pipe, Regenerative Type
  1.  Satellite Regulations: Case Study
  • Why Regulate?
  • Artificial Satellite Collisions
  • Role of ITU, OFCOM and UK Space Agency
  • ITU Structure
  • Role of ITU-R
  • Radio Regulations
  • UN Outer Space Treaties
  • ITU Constitution
  • ITU-R Processes
  • Satellite Interference
  • ITU Regions
  • Master International Frequency Register (MIFR)
  • US Frequency Spectrum
  • UK Frequency Allocation Table (FAT)
  • Radio Regulation Mechanisms – Control of Interference
  • Small and Nano-Satellites
  • World Radiocommunication Conferences (WRC)
  • Satellite Filings 
  • Licensing of a Satellite Earth Station
  1. Overview of Microwave Transmission
  • Frequency Spectrum
  • Ranges and Speeds
  • Point-to-Point and Point-to-multi-point
  • Microwave Planning
  • Ethernet Radio and Common Features
  • Software Tools for Microwave Planning
  1. Evolution of Mobile Generations
  • Architecture of 4G/5G Networks
  • Cellular Frequency Spectrum
  • Cellular Backhaul
  • Synchronization
  • Common Use Cases for 5G
5. Monitoring Equipment and Automation of Monitoring Operations
  • Influence of Interference Environment
  • Man-machine Interface
  • Monitoring and Measurement Antennas
  • Suitable Antenna Configurations
  • Monitoring Tasks associated with Directional Antennas
  • Typical Specifications for Monitoring Receivers
  • Direction-finding
  • Modulation Measuring Equipment
  • Identification Equipment
  • Automation of Monitoring
6. Measurements
  • Basic Concept of Measurement
  • Attribute or Phenomenon to Measure
  • Conditions of Operations
  • Measurement System
  • Sequence of Technical Operations
  • Measurement Environment
  • Laboratory Environment
  • In-situ Measurement
  • Measuring Principles
  • Time and Frequency Domain Measurements
  • Amplitude and Phase Domain (Vector-) Measurements
  • Measurement of RF Level
  • Measurement Detectors
  • Influence of Modulation
  • Necessary Measurement Bandwidth
  • Measurement Errors
  • Measurement of Field Strength and Power Flux-density
7. Terrestrial Services
  • Fixed Services
  • Land Mobile Service
  • Aeronautical Mobile Service
  • Maritime Mobile
  • Broadcasting
  • Radionavigation
  • Radiolocation
  • Amateur
  • Meteorological
  • Main Regulatory Instruments
  • Radio Regulations
  • Regional Agreements
  • Special Agreements
  • Blocks of Frequency Allocations
  • Approaches to Sharing Spectrum: Frequency Coordination and Frequency Planning
  • Frequency Plans for Terrestrial Servies
  • Master International Frequency Register
  • Other Terrestrial Activities
  • Means of Identification for Stations
  • Assistance to Administrations
  • Databases, Software and Online Tools
  • ITU SG5: Terrestrial Services
8. ITU – Terrestrial Services Department
  • Submission of Notices for Terrestrial Services
  • Maritime databases (MARS)
  • eTerrestrial
  • Master Register/BR IFIC
  • GLobal Administration Data System
  • Monitoring

Note: A Certificate of Completion will only be issued upon achieving at least 75% attendance for the course.

Participants must have completed the ‘An Overview of Satellite Communications‘ course before taking this course. This course assumes and builds on one’s foundational understanding of SATCOM.

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