Satellite Radio Link Planning and Budgeting

Establishing radio link between computers and satellite

This course is designed for individuals with a working knowledge of satellite communications who desire to acquire greater knowledge in the areas of network planning and link analysis.

The course will start with a quick overview of what satellite network planning is, followed by typical examples of where the participants can find and access the data required to design a satellite network. An overview of what a link budget is will be given with examples to demonstrate the use of what a link budget can provide.

Examples to demonstrate the use of a link budget will be provided. To reinforce what has been learned, case studies and exercises will also be provided. These will assist participants in learning how to design satellite networks.

  • Broadcasters
  • Broadcasting Companies that utilize Satellite Links
  • Satellite TV Companies
  • GSM and Mobile Network Operators
  • Telecommunication Companies (PTTs, Carriers)
  • Satellite Owner Companies
  • Satellite Up-link Operators
  • Internet Service Providers
  • IT & System Integration Companies
  • Government Organisations that rely on Satellite
  • Multinational Companies that rely on Satellite
  • Specialized Industries (Financial, Oil & Gas, Security, Law Enforcement)
  • Aid and Assistance Organisations
Instructor-Led Training
[Classroom: 3 days / LIVE Virtual*: 21 hours]
  • A minimum of 6 or more participants are required for a company-based LIVE Virtual course to commence
  • LIVE Virtual courses can be conducted for 5 hours or 7 hours daily. Please note that the number of training days will be extended if you opt for 5 hours daily.

There are no upcoming course dates currently scheduled for this course. If you are keen on attending this course, please register your interest and indicate your preferred start/end training dates via our course enquiry form for us to open a Classroom/LIVE Virtual class schedule for this course.

At the end of the course, participants will be able to:

  • Gain knowledge and skills required to plan, design, and optimize satellite networks
  • Explain the basic of satellite communications
  • Learn the different access techniques
  • Understand and define topics in satellite transmission including modulation schemes, Forward Error Correction, power equivalent bandwidth, power spectral density, saturation flux density, input and output power back off, transponder pad settings, system noise, EIRP, G/T, C/N, Eb/No, rain fade
  • Understand network topologies including Direct-to-Home (DTH), Point-to-Point, Star, Mesh, and Hybrid Networks
  • Understand multiplexing and multiple access including SCPC, TDM, TDMA, DAMA, DVB-RCS
  • Understand satellite bandwidth planning and transponder bandwidth/power allocations
  • Understand link budget analysis
  • Conduct a comparative analysis between C and Ku bands
  • Understand problems and exercises in satellite planning
  1. Satellite Communications Fundamentals
  • Transmission Equation
  • Advantages of Satellites
  • Disadvantages of Satellites
  • Types of Satellites
  • Types of Orbits
  • LEO vs MEO vs GEO
  • Satellite Launching
  • Satellite Subsystems
  • Basic Terminology: Inroute vs Outroute, Uplink vs Downlink
  • Satellite Transponder
  • Spot Beams
  • Satellite Footprints EIRP
  • Beam Shaping
  • Polarization
  • Modulation
  • Frequency Bands
  • Examples
  • Link Budget
  • Rain Margin
  • Coverage Angle and Area
  • VSAT Components
  • ODU vs IDU
  • Uplink and Downlink Chains
  • LNB and BUC
  • Noise Figure
  • Feed Horn
  • Examples of LEO and GEO Satellites
  • Global, Wide and Narrow Spot Beams
  • Astronomical and Navigation Satellites
  • Reconnaissance and Weather Satellites
  • Communication Satellites
  • Fixed Service Satellites
  • Mobile Service Satellites
  • Direct Broadcast Satellites
  • Satellite Phone, Radio and TV
  • Star and Mesh Topology
  • Link Budget Calculations
  • Installing Satellite Dish
  1. Modulation and Multiple Access
  • Need for Modulation
  • ASK, FSK and PSK
  • QAM, APSK and M-PSK: 8QAM, 16QAM, 32QAM, 64QAM, etc
  • Multiple Access Systems: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA
  • Forward Error Correction (FEC)
  • Adaptive Coding Modulation
  • Block Codes, Convolutional Codes
  • Typical FEC Rates
  • MODCODs Variation with Environment
  • Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
  • Spectral Efficiency
  1. System Design and Orbital Math
  • Link Path Calculations
  • Link Budget Parameters
  • Isotropic vs Directional Antenna
  • Design Calculations for Antenna Gain and Beamwidth
  • Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP) and Power Flux Density (PFD)
  • Solar Outage Calculations
  • Atmospheric Attenuation
  1. Satellite Radio Link Planning Workshop
  • Software Tool
  • Design Parameters
  • Link Budget Design
  • Case Study: Detail Design via Software
  • Antenna Gain and Beamwidth
  • Factors Affecting Antenna Gain
  • Calculating Antenna Gain and Beamwidth via Software
  • Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP)
  • Path Loss Calculations
  • Look Angles: Elevation and Azimuth Angle
  • Transponder: Antenna, LNA, BPF, Down-Converter, HPA
  • Adjacent Channel Interference
  • Input and Output Back Off
  • Uplink Power Control (UPC)
  • LNB Noise Figure
  • Designing via Software: Uplink/Downlink, ASI, Rain Model, Satellite, and Carrier-related parameters
  • Figure of Merit (G/T) and Energy per Bit (Eb/No)
  • Transponder Types
  • ITU Rain Regions
  • FEC Code Rate, Carrier Spacing, Roll-off Factor, Implementation Loss
  • Generating Final Report/Design
  • More Design Exercises
  • Orbital Math: Gravitation vs Centripetal Force
  • Calculating Geosynchronous Radius
  • Calculating Geosynchronous Velocity
  • More Exercises
  1. Additional Link Planning Exercises
  • More Case Studies
  • Computation of Look Angles
  • Bent Pipe vs Advanced Transponder
  • Analysis of Design Output Results
  • Optimization of Design
  • Examples and Exercises
  1. Satellite Regulations: Case Study
  • Why Regulate?
  • Artificial Satellite Collisions
  • Role of ITU, OFCOM and UK Space Agency
  • ITU Structure
  • Role of ITU-R
  • Radio Regulations
  • UN Outer Space Treaties
  • ITU Constitution
  • ITU-R Processes
  • Satellite Interference
  • ITU Regions
  • MIFR (Master International Frequency Register)
  • US Frequency Spectrum
  • UK Frequency Allocation Table (FAT)
  • Radio Regulation Mechanisms – Control of Interference
  • Small and Nano-Satellites
  • World Radiocommunication Conferences (WRC)
  • Satellite Filings
  • Licensing of a Satellite Earth Station
  1. Case Study: APAC Operator’s Transformation of VSAT Network
  • Fiji Islands – Geography
  • Fiji – Telecom Statistics
  • Transmission Layout
  • VSAT Network
  • Telecom Operators in Fiji
  • Earth Station and Satellite Beam
  • VSAT Remote Setup
  • Transformation Journey
  • Project Challenges
  • Benefits
  • Learnings

Note: A Certificate of Completion will only be issued upon achieving at least 75% attendance for the course.

  • A basic understanding of Telecommunications and some knowledge of satellite communications
  • Some background in wireless will be preferable.
Enrolled: 0 students
Duration: Classroom: 3 days / LIVE Virtual: 21 hours
Level: Classroom

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