MPLS and IP Traffic Engineering

Yellow coiled ethernet cable

Enterprises and service providers face many challenges in terms of customer demand, including an ongoing need for value-added services. Conventional IP packet forwarding has several limitations, and more and more enterprise and service providers realize that something else is needed. Not only must they be concerned with protecting their existing infrastructure, but they must also find ways to generate new services, some of which may not be supportable by current technologies.

The course is of utmost importance to all engineers responsible for deploying advanced MPLS services in Service Provider backbones. The focus of the course is on technology issues of MPLS from the Service Providers perspective and how to configure some of those features and functions in an existing routed environment.

This course provides an in-depth study of the MPLS technology, including the theory and configuration, network design issues, operations, VPN, traffic engineering, and GMPLS. It starts with an overview of conventional routing and how it compares to MPLS routing. Participants will then learn about the underlying concepts, features, functions, benefits, and applications of MPLS. They will also study the frame-mode and cell-mode MPLS, the concept of MPLS labels, label stack and different label formats, the label distribution process between LSRs, the loop detection and prevention mechanisms in MPLS, MPLS architecture, MPLS VPN, MPLS QoS, and MPLS traffic engineering. The course concludes with an exploration of the future trends related to the MPLS technology.

  • Network Architects
  • Service Providers
  • Engineers, Product Managers and Network Managers who need a good grasp of the technologies involved in modern IP networks and network services
Instructor-Led Training
[Classroom: 5 days / LIVE Virtual*: 35 hours]
  • A minimum of 6 or more participants are required for a company-based LIVE Virtual course to commence
  • LIVE Virtual courses can be conducted for 5 hours or 7 hours daily. Please note that the number of training days will be extended if you opt for 5 hours daily.

There are no upcoming course dates currently scheduled for this course. If you are keen on attending this course, please register your interest and indicate your preferred start/end training dates via our course enquiry form for us to open a Classroom/LIVE Virtual class schedule for this course.

This course provides participants with a strong foundation in MPLS and IP Traffic Engineering.

At the end of this course, participants will be able to:

  • Design, configure and implement VPN Networks
  • Describe the underlying concepts of MPLS
  • Design and deploy Traffic Engineering in MPLS Networks
  • Describe the concept of MPLS labels, label stack and label format
  • Describe IP Traffic Engineering using MPLS
  • Describe the label distribution process between LSRs
  • Implement advanced designs and configurations in MPLS Networks
  • Explore the future trends of MPLS
  1. Introduction to MPLS and Motivation
  1. Review of Classical IP Network
  • Internet Protocol Architecture
  • Review of Forwarding, Routing and Sing
  • Routing Protocols
  • IGP and EGP
  • Birth of MPLS
  1. Origin and Evolution of MPLS
  • Review of ATM
  • Layer 3 Switching Motivation
  • Early MPLS
  • Evolution of MPLS Technology
  • IPv6 MPLS
  1. MPLS Level Switching Architecture
  • Label Switching Model
  • Label, Label Switched Router (LSR)
  • Basic Concepts in Label Switching
  • Label Switched Paths (LSP)
  • Layer 2.5 / Shim Header
  • Label Stack, Special Labels
  • L2 Mapping, L2 Mux / Demux Support
  1. MPLS Level Switching Architecture (Cont.)
  • LER and Edge Functions
  • Use of Label Stack, PHP
  • LSP Setup
  • Forwarding Equivalence Class (FEC)
  • Label Binding, Uniqueness, Aggregation
  • Path Computation and Path Setup
  • Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
  • LDP Messages, Control Modes
  • Using the FIB Table to Forward Packets
  • Using LDP to Forward Packets
  • Label Distribution using BGP
  • LSP Setup Scenarios
  • TTL Processing
  • MPLS Packet Processing
  1. Generalization of MPLS (GMPLS)
  • Optical Fibre, Lambda, TSC Domains
  • Extending MPLS to GMPLS
  • What is GMPLS?
  • Extension of the MPLS Control Plane
  • Components of GMPLS
  • Routing and Addressing model
  • GMPLS Scalability Enhancements
  • Network Management
  • Security Considerations
  1. MPLS Services
  • MPLS Unicast IP Routing
  • MPLS Multicast IP Routing
  • MPLS Traffic Engineering
  • MPLS Quality of Service
  1. MPLS VPNs
  • Intro, Types of VPN
  • Using MPLS for VPN
  • L3 and L3 VPNs
  • Address Conversion, Label Stack
  • L2 VPNs, Pseudo-Wire
  1. MPLS DiffServ (Differentiated Services)
  • Introduction to DiffServ
  • DSCP
  • Queuing, Policing, Marking, Shaping etc.
  • Traffic Classes
  • PHB
  • DiffServ over MPLS
  • E and L LSPs
  • DiffServ Scalability
  1. Introduction to Traffic Engineering (TE)
  • TE Motivation
  • Congestion in Shortest Path
  • TE Process Flow
  1. Traffic Engineering – Legacy Approaches
  1. Traffic Engineering using CBR, CSPF
  1. MPLS Traffic Engineering Approach
  • Traffic Trunks, Assigning Traffic
  • Path Selection
  • Priority, Pre-emption, etc.
  • MPLS TE Model
  • Block Diagram
  • OSPF Extensions
  • Path Selection and Setup
  1. RSVP
  1. Path Protection and Recovery
  • Tunnel Re-Route / First Re-Route
  • Redundancy Design
  1. Traffic Engineering Case Study
  1. Application Topics
  1. Recent Development
  1. Hands-On Labs (Using Packet Tracer or Real Hardware)
  • Establishing the SP IGP Routing
  • Enable MPLS
  • Establishing the Core MPLS Environment
  • Configure MP-IBGP
  • Configure the VRF Instances
  • Configure RIP as a PE-CE Routing Protocol
  • Configure EIGRP as a PE-CE Routing Protocol
  • Establishing an EIGRP-Based MPLS VPNs
  • Configure OSPF as a PE-CE Routing Protocol
  • Establishing an OSPF-Based MPLS VPN
  • Configure BGP as a PE-CE Routing Protocol
  • Establishing BGP-Based MPLS VPNs
  • Configure a Central Services VPN
  • Establishing MPLS Traffic Engineering
Note: A Certificate of Completion will only be issued upon achieving at least 75% attendance for the course.

Fundamental knowledge of TCP/IP is required, including a good understanding of IGPs like RIP, OSPF and IGRP.

Enrolled: 0 students
Duration: Classroom: 5 days / LIVE Virtual: 35 hours
Level: Virtual Training

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