Microwave Transmission Engineering and Link Planning

Microwave transmitter antenna on communication tower base station

This course seeks to equip participants with robust knowledge in planning telecommunication transmission networks using modern radio-relay digital microwave radio. The course will cover in detail all the important aspects of radio propagation, starting from free-space loss and absorption loss, followed by statistical analysis of various phenomena impairing radio reception process – rain, multipath fading (both flat and selective), K-factor variation and ducting. The introductory part of the course reviews basic parameters of the microwave radio systems, antenna, transmission lines and all other auxiliary equipment used during implementation of microwave radio-relay sites.

Classroom discussion of all the above topics will be complemented by interactive student exercises. The course concludes with a guide to several ITU-T/ITU-R references that participants can access for additional information.

Transmission Engineers, Network Planners, and Technical Project Managers who are involved in the planning, deployment, commissioning, or operation of modern radio-relay digital microwave radio.

Instructor-Led Training
  • Classroom: 5 days
  • LIVE Virtual*: 35 hours
  • A minimum of 6 or more participants are required for a company-based LIVE Virtual course to commence
  • LIVE Virtual courses can be conducted for 5 hours or 7 hours daily. Please note that the number of training days will be extended if you opt for 5 hours daily.

There are no upcoming course dates currently scheduled for this course. If you are keen on attending this course, please register your interest and indicate your preferred start/end training dates via our course enquiry form for us to open a Classroom/LIVE Virtual class schedule for this course.

At the end of this course, participants will:

  • Understand the essentials of transmission engineering
  • Understand microwave path planning
  • Understand why a certain link or network is not functioning according to performance specifications and successfully resolve the issue
  • Select the best component for the network
  • Design and maintain cost effective solutions
  • Design and manage microwave networks that will not suffer from interference or disturb other radio systems in the vicinity
  • Optimize and improve the network performance and quality
  1. Introduction and Basic Definitions
  • Available RF Spectrum
  • Hierarchy in Transmission Networks
  • International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
  • Transmission Media
  • Terrestrial Radio-relay Links
  • Microwave Versus Fiber Optics
  • Mobile Transmission Networks
  • Logarithmic Units
  • Synchronization
  • Jitter and Wonder
  1. Microwave Link Planning
  • RR Network and System Specification
  • Map Study and Preparation of Path Profiles
  • Field Survey and Site Determination
  • Determination of Antenna Heights
  • Path Calculations
  • Performance and Availability
  • Frequency Spectrum Allocation
  • Equipment Specifications and Selection
  • Types of Antenna
  • Transmission Lines (Feeders)
  • Power Supply
  • Towers and Masts
  • Shelters and Containers
  • Auxiliary Equipment
  • Economic Considerations
  1. Link Budget Calculation
  • Transmission and Reception
  • Link Budget with Branching Circuitry
  1. Microwave Propagation
  • Free Space Propagation
  • Atmospheric Absorption
  • Rain Attenuation
  • Atmospheric Refraction
  • Anomalous Propagation
  • Fresnel Zones Concept
  • Terrain Related Effects
  • Multipath Fading Mechanism-flat Fading
  • Case Study with SW Planning Tool Pathloss v4.0
  1. Link Engineering
  • Site Selection Considerations
  • Map Study
  • Site Position Determination
  • Path Profiles
  • Path Clearance Criteria
  • Case Study with SW Planning Tool Pathloss v4.0
  1. Field Survey
  • Site Survey
  • Path Survey
  1. Link Performance and Availability Considerations
  • Basic Definitions of Reliability, Performance, and Availability
  • Exercise 12
  • Selected NA (Bellcore) Definitions
  • ITU-R Related Definitions
  • Availability and Performance Recommendations
  • Comparing NA and ITU-R
  1. Protection and Diversity
  • The Need for Protection
  • Definitions of Protection Schemes and Arrangements
  • Levels of Protection
  • Types of Protection
  • Ring Protection
  • Diversity Arrangements
  • Relative Effectiveness
  1. Frequency Planning and Interference Analysis
  • Setting up the Frequency Plan
  • International Frequency Plans
  • Frequency Planning Rules
  • Interference in Digital Networks
  1. Passive Repeaters
  • Step-by-step Procedure of Microwave Hop Design
  • Alignment, Testing, and Maintenance
  • Static and Dynamic Testing
  • Antenna Alignment
  • Other Problems
  • Troubleshooting Procedure

Note: A Certificate of Completion will only be issued upon achieving at least 75% attendance for the course.

Basic understanding of telecommunication is needed.
Enrolled: 0 students
Duration: Classroom: 5 days / LIVE Virtual: 35 hours
Level: Classroom

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